Tropical Cyclone Demoina - 1984 This event resulted in significant loss of life (60 people died) and widespread damage to infrastructure and property. Fast forward to 2015 and 2016 and along with South Africa, Swaziland was in the grip of a terrible drought. Know something about this topic? The floods washed out or damaged over 100 bridges, and two railway lines were cut. Gigantic tsunamis swept in devastation over coastal 1 "Fingerprints of t he Gods" - Graham Hancock. Terrific floods rampaged and earthquakes abounded as the crust settled into its new position. Sabinet African Journals - reliable research that offers more than 500 African journals, including the African Journal Archive. Why not come to check out this lush bushveld and the state of the lake for yourself? It is the most comprehensive, searchable collection of full-text African electronic journals available on one platform. Those events were in some cases so extreme that entire species were wiped out (such as the dinosaurs). Cyclone Domoina tore through Northern KwaZulu-Natal in 1984. In February 1984, Cyclone Domoina brought about heavy rains in Northern KwaZulu-Natal and left widespread floods and havoc in her wake. Royal Jozini Private Game Reserve is situated in the south east of eSwatini (Swaziland) in a low-risk Malaria area just 9kms from the Golela border post near Pongola. Domoina. The cyclone Domoina floods of 1984 were responsible for the large scale destruction and devastation of riverine vegetation in the Umfolozi Game Reserve. Towards a people's history Hi all, I am busy writing the history of the NSRI and one of the chapters is on Cyclone Demoinia/Domonia (depending on how you spell it). The storm’s high winds knocked down trees and power lines, with resultant power outages, with the overall damage estimated at US$54 million – and sadly, 73 people were killed. The main cause was an intense "cut-off" low pressure system off-shore which co-incided with a Spring high tide. UN DHA; Posted 1 Feb 1984 Originally published 1 Feb 1984. 70mm over three days was measured in southern Swaziland, which just got the weakest, southernmost touch of the storm as it passed over. Get this from a library! On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … The St. Lucia catchment was subjected to two devastating floods in the last ten years: Cyclone Domoina during February 1984 and the September 1987 cutoff low flood. devastating flood in 1984, caused by the cyclone “Domoina”. In 1984, the debris that was washed down rivers was mainly organic – logs, weeds etc. At the end of 1983, the Pongolapoort Dam (fondly known as Jozini Dam) was at 13% of its capacity and generally thought of as a bit of a “white elephant” and the Pongola River ambled through the countryside in a bare trickle during this very dry period. September 1987 floods Between 28 and 30 September 1987, the central and southern part of Natal were ravaged by floods that were amongst the most devastating to have occurred in South Africa. But whilst dam levels at the end of the storm remained much the same (37.9% at 20 Feb 2017 – current levels on this link), days of soaking rain meant that the bush grew thick, the grass long and there was plenty to eat for the wild game at Royal Jozini and the cattle of the local farmers. 85. This article documents the events that took place on January 30 and 31, 1984, when a tropical cyclone - "Domoina" - tore through southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa and Swaziland, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake. WFP Eswatini Country Brief, October 2020 Format Businesses affected by the floods AVs Swollen river and flooded area nearby (3 shots) 0.14 2. This caused very high rainfall over a few days and the run-off down the Pongola River was of such proportions that at the peak of the hydrograph it had far exceeded the regional maximum flood (R M F) calculated value. Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland.The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar.With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. It was caused by intense rainfall in Swaziland and Mozambique in the end of In two years, the Pongolapoort Dam, which can hold a total of 2267 million cubic meters of water, shrank from being virtually full, to about 36 %. Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods : Reports on the Domoina cyclone floods @article{Legge1984PongolapoortD, title={Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods : Reports on the Domoina cyclone floods}, author={W. Legge}, journal={Civil Engineer in South Africa}, year={1984}, volume={26}, pages={113} } Website © 2020 Sabinet All Rights reserved | Privacy Policy  |  Disclaimer  |  Terms and Conditions, /recommendto/form?webId=%2Fcontent%2Fjournal%2Fciveng&title=Civil+Engineering+%3D+Siviele+Ingenieurswese&issn=1021-2000, Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese — Recommend this title to your library, Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error, http://sabinet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/civeng/26/3/AJA10212019_20997, /docserver/preview/fulltext/civeng/26/3/21412-1.gif, Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese. Tropical Cyclone Demoina - 1984 Trim Park – 2017. On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … flood) much more severe than we have experienced in our recent history. on the disastrous situation resulting from the Domoina Cyclone and the floods in Mozambique and Swaziland, Having also taken note of the statement made by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of The cyclone Domoina floods of 1984 were responsible for the large scale destruction and devastation of riverine vegetation in the Umfolozi Game Reserve. The floods closed at least 20 major roads and the country’s primary airport and most schools nationwide. Floods are discussed in more detail in the Hydrology Chapter of the River Basin theme, but following are two examples of how cyclones resulted in severe floods in the Limpopo region.. We are just a couple of hours from Maputo, St. Lucia, Hluhluwe and Richards Bay. 1984 directorate of water affairs division services cyclones keywords . Managing your Health and Avoiding Bugs as you Travel. 28. tammikuuta se rantautui Intian valtamereltä Mosambikiin, josta se siirtyi etelämmäksi.. Lähteet Demoina and the Umfolozi floodplain The flood on the Umfolozi River, which resulted from tropical cyclone Demoina on 31 January and 1 February 1984, is the largest in living memory. Cyc. During … Between 29 January and 2 February 1984, the cyclone Domoina caused the biggest … »More detailed The biggest floods recorded recently were in 2000, when weeks of heavy rain exacerbated by tropical cyclone Eline caused the death of 700 people and affecting 2 million people. (=0.88-1.16) flow. 1. The heavy rainfall saw some of the rivers in Swaziland rise 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours! [Z P Kovacs; South Africa. | Floods ravage sugar areas / Umfolozi reels under impact of ‘Cyclone Demoina’ / Ministers see vast toll of flood damage / Flood causes ruin and big cane losses / Pongola - a scene of Now in 2019, the organic debris has been surpassed by enormous volumes of plastic waste. It’s also an hour by road from the new Sikhupe International Airport and about four hours’ drive from Durban’s King Shaka International Airport. Large floods are fairly common (24 in 43 years). Tropical Cyclones and Floods. At the end of January the cyclone Domoina came inland over Mocambique and Swaziland and thence over the Eastern Transvaal and Natal regions of South Africa. Cyclone Hudah 85. The shorter-term (e.g., 2 days) heavy orographic precipitation is characterized by large VH ∙∇h which is composed by two common ingredients, namely a strong low-level wind Assessment has been based on aerial and ground observations, litter studies in an Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland. [2] During cyclone Domoina in 1984, up … The cyclones Domoina and Imboa struck the St Lucia area in January/February 1984. South Africa. Research in progress at the time made it possible to assess some of the effects of these cyclones on the mangrove communities of the St Lucia Estuary. This caused very high rainfall over a few days and the run-off down the Pongola River was of such proportions that at the peak of the hydrograph it had far exceeded the regional maximum flood (R M F) calculated value. Swaziland Floods Feb 1984 UNDRO Informtion Report 1 Format Situation Report Source. South Africa. 10,000 citrus trees were destroyed and about 500 people were left homeless after many homes were damaged or destroyed. Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland.The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar.With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. https://www.royaljozini.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Dineo-Feb-17-2017-1.mp4. v 2123 00 e002 department of environment affairs directorate of water affairs division of planning services mfolozi floodplain: ecological investigation: first report: mfolozi vtvba7vba river view sond deposit march 1984 Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland. ... 8th May » The Soviet Union announces that it will 1984 Summer Olympics boycott known as boycott the 1984 … On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods @inproceedings{Legge1984PongolapoortD, title={Pongolapoort (Jozini) Dam absorbs Domoina floods}, author={W W Legge}, year={1984} } Cyclone Domoina - debris left upstream side of Usutu River. South Africa’s dams throughout the country were shrinking and in some cases dry, water restrictions became part of life and millions of people prayed and watched anxiously – not wanting another Domoina but certainly wishing for a significant “weather system” to bring relief and to help fill the dams again. Other floods followed in the years 1999 and 2000. 1984. AV Bridge destroyed by flood waters ;] Farm lands and roads were destroyed – 1984. This was graphically demonstrated at St Lucia during the floods associated with Cyclone Domoina in 1984 when, as shown in the accompanying pictures, a tarred access road to a car park on the northern bank of the estuary mouth which was supported by concrete retaining walls and protective dolosse was completely destroyed. risk management through the country. Extrapolation of the probability distribution (Gumbel) based on the historical record of peak discharges in the Mfolozi would indicate that the return period of the 1984 flood was of the order of 500 years. Ice ages, for example, are said to have frozen great mammoths and sable-tooth tigers "in their tracks" in places like Siberia. For more information on COVID-19, visit www.sacoronavirus.co.za, Lynda 0 comments News & Tips, News And Events. | Floods ravage sugar areas / Umfolozi reels under impact of ‘Cyclone Demoina’ / Ministers see vast toll of flood damage / Flood causes ruin and big cane losses / Pongola - a scene of Major tropical cyclones affecting the coast of Mozambique, 1984-2000 Year Name People affected People Killed 1984 Domoina 350,000 109 In hydrological terms, the event is classified as an extreme one approaching the maximum flood expected from the catchment. Quite a difference to the 700mm which fell in one day with Domoina! Eswatini. Department of Water Affairs. Assessment has been based on aerial and ground observations, litter studies in an Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Domoina. Mpumalanga and Kwa Zulu were hit hard and declared disaster zones, with even more people dead and the land devastated. The Natal floods of September 1987, where 327 people were killed, were proclaimed as one of the worst natural disasters to hit South Africa. 43. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Trooppinen myrsky Domoina oli eteläiseen Afrikkaan tammikuussa 1984 iskenyt sykloni, joka aiheutti alueen historian yhden pahimmista tulvista. The flood originated from cyclone Domoina” is the biggest flood recorded until now in the“ Umbeluzi basin. 2. The heavy rainfall saw some of the rivers in Swaziland rise 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours! The Buffalo River breached its banks and the bridge across the river at Ingogo was swamped by swirling floodwaters. There is no abstract available for this article. The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar. confidential report no. Cyc. The flood on the Umfolozi River, which resulted from tropical cyclone Demoina on 31 January and 1 February 1984, is the largest in living memory. 1984, Having carefully taken note of the report and the appeal of the Secretary-General a.i. 28th January » Tropical Storm Domoina makes landfall in southern Mozambique, eventually causing 214 deaths and some of the most severe flooding so far recorded in the region. PICS: The wrath of Domoina – 1984 as compared to recent floods. A case study of TC Domoina (1984) indicates that the long-lasting heavy rainfall was induced by the strong orographic blocking of Madagascar. For Reservations Anonymous, | 1984. Documentation of the 1984 Domoina floods. It is estimated that in Swaziland, 40,000 head of cattle died from starvation in 2016 alone as the grasslands withered and baked to a crisp – and with little rain, the veld could not recover. oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - The Mfolozi flood of 31 January 1984 Domoina – 1984. Destruction of property was catastrophic,… Corpus ID: 188249759. In February 2017, the whole of the Eastern part of Southern Africa went on to high alert with the formation of Cyclone Dineo, which devastated areas of Mozambique in the Inhambane area, only to travel south and then westwards and quickly dissipate to a tropical storm. Here’s some background and startling visuals on the major weather events in Southern Africa over the last few decades – from Domoina, to drought, to a touch of Dineo. In 1984, the debris that was washed down rivers was mainly organic – logs, weeds etc. © Copyright 2011 Royal Jozini Private Game Reserve Swaziland. For subsistence farmers whose cattle is sometimes their only wealth, this was a devastating blow. With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and … | Floods aftermath: warning of more damage to canefields if Umfolozi floods, Natal Farmer, May 1984, p. 4. – Underwriti­ng results and headline earnings per share were impacted by multiple catastroph­e events which resulted in higher claims compared to 2018. Thousands of livestock died during the storm and thousands of acres of croplands were flooded – with the crop damage estimated at US$2.5million. 109. AV Flood waters almost breaching the top of a dam 0.19 3. As far as the author is aware, Graham Hancock is not a recognised scientist, nor has his University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. 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