Compare and Contrast- Group Work vs. The functioning of the work group is that it discusses, decides and delegates. Group work … The basic reason behind the creation of these norms is to facilitate the group survival, and to make the group behavior more predictable and organized. The boss is in charge and tells the employees the do’s and don’ts in their jobs. 1st Jun 2017 On the other hand, when not handled properly a conflict can have spiraling effect and can bring down an individual dignity and collapse the whole group (Managing Conflict within or between Groups, Australia). Excessive amounts of group work when compared with individual work in single course or programme leading to an inappropriate balance in assessment. The idea here will be to study the pros and cons with relation to the particular individual and not to the group of which he is a part. Others may not finish in class and plan to finish at home (which may or may not happen). Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Take a look below for pros and cons of these work styles. On the other hand high cohesiveness in groups at times may lead to detrimental effects also if the goals of the group are misalign with the organisational goals. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Leaders would be concentrating on achieving the goal and won’t care about helping other team members and socializing with them and won’t become a good team. If you are working to a limited time frame, group work allows analysis to a greater depth and … When it seems like the kids are working they may be talking off topic. Abstract: This paper shows the value of working in groups versus working individually, and talks about the sophisticated areas of having successful results. Again, this was surprising and unexpected. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! You share struggles and successes with your peers – and … While working alone, we have the freedom of using our own methods and work at our own pace and convenience. You thrive in cooperative, integrative, and friendly work environments. Coming to the main issue of whether or not working in the group is going to be beneficial or not to us will be depending largely on the group structure, which is nothing but the relationships among the members that help and hold the group together in achieving the assigned goals. If your presentation is for business in general, you might attempt to keep both sides fairly balanced. It is admitted that, working in groups has many benefits. Either the choices whether group or individual has its advantages and disadvantages. Has it ever occurred to you what kids might be talking about in their small groups? Any good decision should be made based on understanding the pros and cons involved. Teachers’ prep time differs in collaborative and individual activities, as does the time students invest. Ensure group work is divided fairly and evenly. There are numerous benefits of working as a part of a team, some of them can be stated as below. Successful businesses value the importance of group work. But some thing that comes to mind at the beginning is either individually or in a group. —————————— —————————— When an individual is … If you like to work as a team, you love teamwork. If the team members get along and work together, … The key is finding the rights tasks for each one. However a person who is affected by the peer pressure may or may not wish to continue with the group. Almost everyone has had some experience with this work setup, especially in a first job. Posted on March 1, 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu. The Effectiveness of Work Group and Individual Use of Monolingual Dictionary in Class - Term Paper Example. Company Registration No: 4964706. The worst thing is that the people who are not of a leader type they may be pushed aside by the other members of the team. The social groups influenced by the peers include formal groups like political party, trade union or informal groups like a social clique. Sociology At the same time we had few challenges working as a team, such as one person had he own ideas and would not coincide/compromise with rest of the team and some of us had issue with the time being spent on the project and so on. A group can be of any size ranging from two persons to a collection of large people, however small groups of size 2 to 10 are considered more efficient in their job performance as it allows active and positive interactions between the groups and also has least chance of negative synergy. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. No individual is born with all the skills required for doing every thing. We would also see as to how those issues will be influencing the person, be it in the positive side or being a hindrance and also support the argument by stating prior personal experiences. Some students will finish quickly and either feel accomplished or be bored in class. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The amount of group cohesiveness is determined by a lot of factors. Unlike individual testing, each individual does not require personal attention. Say a big math problem with lots of different steps; or a scene in Ulysses that could be interpreted in three or 300 different ways; or you're doing a unit on Ancient Egyptand you need your students to combine their knowledge of history with an ability to an… Although working alone has a whole lot of benefits, teamwork is proved to be the absolute winner. In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs. working individually will be discussed. And the critical part of this support is that unless the receiver of the support views it a support, the communicative experience or message extended to him would not be considered as support. It was observed that the gain in productivity is more due to the fact that they are being observed rather than the actual experiment itself. Though I prefer to work independently, if my job or situation needs me to be part of a group, I am always up for it and willing to be a great team player to contribute to the team success. Social support is nothing but the physical and emotional comfort given and shown by our friends, family and colleagues. 0 Effective Classroom Management Techniques Every Faculty Member Should Know Brought to you by, Team Effectiveness Theory from Industrial and Organizational Psychology Applied to Engineering Student Project Teams: A Research Review, Team composition, cognition, and effectiveness: Examining mental model similarity and accuracy, Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams. We were a group of 4 individuals working on this project and we have assigned different tasks to each person of the group. However when the same job is performed by a team, there is an advantage of job sharing, and the same job can be assigned to members of the team, where in the job is completed at a much faster pace. With our partners, the project can be finished quicker. For teachers, pair work and group work can be excellent tools to promote student interaction; individual work, on the other hand is easier to assess and often appeals to students with intrapersonal intelligences. The structure of the group can be defined in a many ways; common among them would be to take reference to their Size, Norms, Roles And Cohesiveness. It is better for a person to work alone for a task that require high concentration and focus. All work is written to order. Every body by de facto knows what it is to be individual and perform a task individually, as he is the only person who is doing the task. Basically there are three different types of conflicts existing, like go- go situation, where you want to do both the actions, where as you will have a chance to make only one selection. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Most kids can agree that working in a group is better than working individually, but that might be the problem. Every body is born with a different skill sets, knowledge and personal attributes. And these new roles often will be replacing the existing roles of the members who will be starting to be more assertive and start expressing themselves (Schwarzer 2007). Mullins (2002) defined “A group norm is an assumption or expectation held by group members concerning what kind of behaviour is right or wrong, good or bad, allowed or not allowed, and appropriate or not appropriate”. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Individual Work Vs Group Work You might ask which one according to me is better - Group Work or Individual Work? This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. This is because group work can cause a lot of unnecessary interruptions by your team members. When there is a need to do a big job, it would take a lot of time in finishing it, if everything has to be done by ourselves. Students should be made aware of assessment before starting the project 1. assessment method 2. criteria (product and/or process) If students are given time to prepare an answer rather than being obliged to provide immediate responses, they are more likely to produce a con… On their own little work areas. The group size thus not only affects the group participation but also effects the satisfaction of the members. Teachers should spend time … As the work is done in a group, each group is given one person to administer the following process. Organizations need to facilitate effective team work in order to increase productivity, get innovative ideas, gain new strengths and skills and establish strong bonds between employees. Teamwork vs Individual Work. These issues are like Social support, group norms, peer pressure and conflicts. Each and every type of work is unique in itself hence one can never predict or prove the magnitude of significance of either of the two. Group work is great for improving your critical thinking skills and making you a sharper thinker. More or less the informal groups are involuntary associations (Mullins 2002). This Hawthorne effect is a form of reactivity where in subjects improve an aspect of their behavior by being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they are being studied and part of social investigation, not in response to any particular experimental manipulation. According to a study known as the Coding War Games, they found out that programmers tend to work faster when they are working by themselves. In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs. working individually will be discussed. Individual Responsibility Naif M. Algashaam . Pair work, group work and individual work can all be effective, if used at the right times and if structured in an appropriate way. Considerations in group vs. individual work … However I felt that I was not having any new innovative or divergent ways of working, which other wise would have made me to do a better job by being a part of the group. It really depends on how functional the team is whether team work is better than individual work. In case of formal groups the roles and functions of the group members are all assigned as per pre-plan, in which each role will have specific duties and responsibilities to perform. Formal Groups are formed to achieve specific organizational requirements such as a command group, tasks group, or functional groups. One reason for asking students to work individually on a task is so that they can prepare their personal ideas, views or arguments in response to a problem or a piece of stimulus material. Each person in a dependent-level work group has his or her own job and works under the close supervision of the boss. VAT Registration No: 842417633. This was a good way to improve our knowledge, presentation skills and learn from each other, since every one has a different skill set and ideas to implement. And on top of all these groups would have the conflicts, peer pressure and unnecessary waste of time. The level of performance of a team is greater than the sum of individual … The other two types are go- no go type of conflicts and the third one being -no go- no go type, where you don’t want to take either of the decisions but still you want to make one choice. Individual work. For example, if we look at my final year project I mentioned earlier and if I had to do everything myself it would have taken long time, but since we separated the task and worked as a team we could finish it quickly with a great success. The basic concern of group dynamics is about the structure formation and functions of the group. There are various stages that you will go through in a group project to achieve a task. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Individual vs. Group Work. The basic thumb rule is the groups which are in small size and those which spend more time together tend to be more cohesive. Individuals are working on their own. But what is group and how it is formed and what are the dynamics involved in it is something we are about to discuss below. Reference this. It could be a simple intra personal conflict existing in a person or an interpersonal conflict that is appearing between two individuals or a group and an individual. So, this also forms one of the advantages of group testing. At a neurological level, we see ourselves as part of a group and worry about the judgment of others. And all the group theories professes that when individual persons share common activities, they get interactions among them and will develop either positive or negative attitudes towards each other. Both have advantages and disadvantages. The term was coined by Henry A. Landsberger (1955) while he was analyzing older experiments from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works (A Western Electric factory outside Chicago). An effective group work together to complete a task in an agreed time, with each member contributing to the team according to their skills, experience and personality. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Individual work can be definitely tempting at times. Individual learning lets students work at their own pace, which has positives and negatives. They are the common behavioral patterns which are exhibited by all the members of the group. By normal conviction, the more difficult to be a group member, the more cohesive that group is considered to be. In a work group context group members interact with each other and the results or payoffs may be interpreted as the performance of an individual in such interactions, such as the number of units produced or the number of tasks completed per period. Work Teams: 1. It can also be between one group and another group (Brem 1995). After having seen the dynamics of group, we will now understand the issues on which we are going to make a critical analysis of the pros and cons of group work. For the most part, I prefer working independently in order to meet my deadlines, but enjoy collaborating in a group to spark fresh new ideas.” – Cite the job description. The debate over the strength of teamwork vs individual work is ongoing in the business world. Additionally, individual learning requires students to manage their time, which some students may not handle well. Advantages and Disadvantages of Group Work. 8. The truth is, our brains work very well individually but tend to break down in groups. The cohesiveness in work groups has many positives, like increases worker satisfaction, low turnover and absenteeism, thus leading to higher productivity (Argyle 1989). Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Individual performance depends on the actions of others in the group. So when we are in a team we can make use of the pool of skills from the group for implementing the job more easily. Group dynamics basically deals with why and how groups are formed and developed. This has made the division of work more efficient thus accomplishing the task was much easier and faster. Even where important new concepts or dramatic new research advances arise over a long period of time, one individual researcher with insight, determination, and innovation usually has a central role. But at the end of the day we kept our difference away and worked as a team to finish the project successfully. Group work also introduces more unpredictability in teaching, since groups may approach tasks and solve problems in … Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Where as the informal groups are formed by association of members based on their own interest or social activities. Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. When in a group different people with different ideas come together and more creative and innovative ideas are generated, which will help us in enriching our knowledge and may be use them for our future endeavors. , or functional groups finish at home ( which may or may not wish to continue with the group difficult. Has some different kinds of advantages on any issue button above I would say better is trading. Top of all these groups would have the freedom of using our own methods and at... 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